Forum. The future is the electric car. In France, the government has set as its goal the end of sales of petrol cars or diesel by 2040. The mayor of Paris wants to ban by 2030. In India, only the electric vehicles are expected to be commercialized by 2030 according to the minister of energy. Everywhere we predicted a transition from the thermal to the electrical of equal importance to the transition from animal traction to the automobile.
Of course, this revolution in our modes of transportation will reduce our carbon dioxide emissions. But most importantly, it is seen as the solution to the problem of atmospheric pollution that are the cause of 500,000 premature deaths per year in Europe (according to the european environment Agency), and $ 7 million in the world (according to the world health Organization).
What is it really ? In have we really finished with the fine particles, NOx and ozone, which are sources of respiratory diseases, cardio-vascular and cancer ?
In reality, the transition of the propulsion thermal electric is not going to remove the polluting emissions, but change their location.
To the places of production of energy
With a combustion engine, the pollution is localized to where the energy is consumed by the user of motor transport : on the streets and roads on which circulate the most vehicles in the large urban centres and their surroundings.
The electric motor moves the pollution to the places of production of the energy used by the vehicles. For thermal power plants, the areas affected by the pollutant emissions depend on the stack height and local meteorological conditions, especially wind regime. In contrast to vehicles with combustion engines, there is thus a dissociation very strong between the place of use of the electric vehicle, the place of emission of pollutants and…