Purpose : of state-owned enterprises first line

Chronic. What is a business ? Has create wealth for the company, for its employees and to its shareholders, say the economists. The difficulty lies obviously in the trade-off between these three beneficiaries, each claiming to be unfairly served. But beyond that it also raises the question of its responsibility. It must comply with the law, but should it go beyond ? This is the challenge of the open discussion by the government on the social object of the company.

This Friday, march 9, Nicole Notat, the former leader of the CFDT, and Jean-Dominique Senard, CEO of Michelin, have delivered their report on the subject. They suggest that she now considers as ” the social and environmental implications of its activity “. But what are these issues that go beyond the legislative framework ? The well-being of the general population ? The protection of the environment ? And that the fixed ? At this rate, a manufacturer of tobacco, alcohol, or guns should quickly stop its activity.

The government, which receives these proposals can already do the teeth on two interesting cases for which it has all the levers. It is the SNCF and EDF.

The State, a firefighter arsonist

In both cases, it seeks to converge economic and social objectives. That is, he says, to save the train, its ecological qualities and land, it believes that the company should take advantage of the opening up to competition to improve efficiency and productivity. Save the social object by the constraint of the market. If the company was more efficient, in terms of organisation and labour costs, it could devote its resources recovered to the investment, avoiding the transition to a State of play regularly, the fire fighters are pyromaniacs.

EDF is faced with a problem that is similar, even if the group is more advanced in the process. For him, the competition is already there, it loses a hundred…

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