When, at the age of 36, Muhammad Yunus creates, in 1976, in Bangladesh, the Grameen Bank, to develop micro-credit, it puts at the disposal of the villagers of Jobra the funds required to build the business that could get them out of the misery. The establishment is now in more than 50,000 villages. Become a global movement, microcredit has experienced abuse, some actors practicing prohibitively high levels for their own benefit. But it has also helped more than 300 million poor families to improve their economic situation.
In 2001, Mr. Yunus launches the program Nobin Udyokta (new entrepreneurs) to convert the next generation of social enterprise. The Nobel peace Prize in 2006 then multiplies partnerships with multinational companies to fund projects of social entrepreneurship. Of passage in Paris, on the occasion of the Global Social Business Summit (GSBS), the summit of social business, which will be held from 4 to 9 November, the author of to an economy with three zeros. Zero poverty. Zero unemployment. Zero emission carbon (JC Lattès, 400 pages, € 21.50) explains his conception of an economy without unemployment.
In your latest book, you write that capitalism has failed. Ten years after the financial crisis, lessons have been learned ?
No, no. Instead of taking the opportunity to rethink the system, it is divided as before, too happy to be woken up from a long nightmare. Yet, we are still in a crisis related to the concentration of wealth, fostered by capitalism. Today, on the planet, eight persons hold more than 50 % of the less affluent, or 4 billion people.
Your objective is to create an economy without poverty or carbon emissions or unemployment, isn’t this a little utopian ?
I’m not the only one to say so. The world agreed at the united Nations on development Goals…