Cocorico. According to the Panorama quarterly renewable electricity, released Thursday by the grid operators RTE and Enedis, the renewable energies Syndicate (SER) and the Association of electricity distributors in France (Adeef), green energy (wind, solar, hydro, biomass) were covered 22.1% of the electricity consumption of French in the second quarter of 2017. This good result is mainly based on solar and wind power.
In fact, if more than half of the 46.853 megawatts (MW) of the park renewable electric French June 30, 2017, is covered by the hydroelectric dams (54%), wind and solar accounted for 94% of new installed capacity in the second quarter.
However, there are only a few weeks, on the basis of the figures recorded for the year 2016, the office of the Commissioner general sustainable development (CGDD) warned again on the late French compared to european objectives setting the goal to 23% of the energy mix.
Why are these bell sounds divergent ? The quarterly figures relate only to electricity, while the annual figures for 2016 include all the renewable energies, transport and renewable heat are included.
19% of renewable in the energy mix in 2020 instead of the 23% forecast
All energies combined, France 15.7% renewable.
“The rate of growth of +0.9% recorded for the year 2016 led to 19% in 2020 instead of 23% planned “, says Jean-Louis Bal, president of Syndicat des energies renouvelables (SER).
The transport must be 10% renewable by 2020, including 7.5% of biofuels incorporated into petrol and diesel. One is already at 7%, plus 1% of hydro, which fed directly into the STATION. “I don’t see how it could do much better, observes Jean-Louis Bal. It was filled with first generation biofuels and second-generation are not yet there. “
For electricity alone, we are on track to partially make up for the delay. “Only partly, hue Jean-Louis Bal, as it will be missing in all cases the 6000 megawatts of offshore wind that is planned. “Only 3000 MW have been awarded during rounds 1 and 2, and yet these parks will not come into production until 2021, in the best case. There are whispers that they may never get out of the water, the costs to which they have been allocated is two times higher than those of the last bidding date awarded in the North Sea.
Outside of the (big) delay, electric dies, are worn properly. Their performance in the second quarter of 2017 are contrasted : the connections of wind farms have been dynamic, close to the lower range provided by the multi-annual programming of energy for 2018. In the wind, the park was, at June 30, 12.341 MW of 82.3% of its targets set at 15,000 MW for 2018. In contrast, the production has been low due to a weather was a little windy. The situation is exactly opposite in relation to the solar insolation has been conducive to the production, but the connections of the new facilities have been lagging behind. The park installed is 7.064 MW, or 69.3% of the target of 2018, fixed at 10.200 MW.
The solar-mounted relative to the wind ?
Something to feed the claims of Daniel Bour, chairman of the union of solar Enerplan. “It is incomprehensible that the industry is the most competitive – solar, with a price that can go down in France 55 euros per megawatt hour – far more restrained in volume as the wind. We need space and volume to expand the chain, take it there. For photovoltaics, the tendering process complex and costly for the carriers of projects, are compulsory from 100 kilowatt (kW). In the wind, it is from 18 megawatts (MW) only. This allows project holders are located under the caps of fees to which they are able to sell their production. While the discussions on the next multi-annual programming of energy (EPP) covering the period 2023-2028 are about to begin, he pleads, therefore, for ” putting the cursor in the middle between the wind and the sun “. Concretely, Enerplan, claiming an upward revision of the threshold bids of 1 MW, which is ten times higher than today.
According to Jean-Louis Bal, the wind farm would not be quite up to the feast no more. Indeed, 2016 has been an increased exception after poor years, but ” the projects are facing more and more problems of acceptability, as professionals, need to better understand “.
Punish the fantasy projects
The two unions agree on two points : France will not reach its eu 2020 objectives or those set by the EPP for 2018 and must get back in the saddle for 2030. Among the measures to be taken to do this, in addition to the simplification of procedures to reduce the time required to bring out the projects of land and more sea (notoriously higher than those of other european countries) and the limitation of remedies, there should be penalties for projects that winners of tenders, but which will never see the light of day. One way to avoid fantasy projects, which contribute also to eliminate more realistic with higher costs.