© Reuters. END OF The EXAMINATION OF THE DRAFT LAW ELAN AT The MEETING
PARIS (Reuters) – mps have been completed in the night of Friday to Saturday, the examination of the draft law Elan called to reform social housing and to accelerate the construction of housing, but that is of concern to stakeholders in social housing, architects and defenders of the environment.
After the vote scheduled for Tuesday in the Assembly, the text will be discussed starting Wednesday by the economic Affairs committee of the Senate. As was the case with the reform of the SNCF, the upper chamber is expected to enrich the draft law, stressed the entourage of the president of the Senate, Gérard Larcher.
Here are the main provisions validated by the mps during the review.
REDUCTION OF THE SHARE OF ACCESSIBLE HOUSING
Article 18 of the draft law is projected to reduce to 10% the share of homes built to be accessible to people with disabilities in the new buildings, the units remaining are called to be “scalable”, that is to say that “simple works” would be sufficient to make them accessible.
Under current law, all new flats in ground floor or served by an elevator have an obligation to be accessible.
“The device that has been adopted in the national Assembly should allow us to move from a requirement for all new dwellings 100% of dwellings adapted to a obligation that will be 100% adaptable housing,” said Friday Prime minister Edouard Philippe during a trip to Colomiers, near Toulouse.
In response to concerns of associations for the defence of the rights of persons with disabilities who report a regression history (a diagnosis shared by the right-wing opposition), the government was told to prepare a decree to specify the portion of the housing accessible housing “evolving”.
The secretary of State in charge of persons with disabilities, Sophie Cluzel, has opened the door to changes on the requirements of the elevator depending on the height of the building.
The exemptions in the Coastal act introduced in committee were eventually strongly limited at the initiative of the government, with the abandonment of the option of derogation for photovoltaic projects.
Regarding the filling of the “hollow teeth” on the coast (to build between buildings without extending the perimeter of the cage), it will eventually be that”outside of the coastal strip of one hundred metres, areas close to shore and banks of bodies of water (…), for the exclusive purpose of improving the supply of housing and the implementation of public services”, and only in the absence of harm to the environment or the landscape.
“We have pushed back the government, limited the disaster”, declared the socialist François Pupponi.
A lease of mobility with a duration of between one and ten months is created for the tenants who justify to be in vocational training, in higher education, an apprenticeship contract, internship or temporary mission in the framework of a professional activity, without the age requirement. This lease may be extended only by a lease under common law, no deposit shall be required.
The left and associations, such as the national Confederation of Housing, point to a “lease insecurity”, while the Defender of rights considers in its opinion that it exposes the audience to a “casualization of their conditions of access to housing”.
RE-EXAMINATION OF THE TENANTS OF THE HLM EVERY THREE YEARS
Meps have approved an amendment submitted by elected LaRem and LR, which leads to three years, compared to six in the text presented by the government, the pace of re-examination of the situation of the park’s tenants HLM, in order to “respond effectively to the need for greater mobility within the social housing”.
MERGERS OF HLM ORGANIZATIONS
For the HLM organizations with between 1,500 and 15,000 housing units, a grouping will now be mandatory. Only 75 organizations on the approximately 700 donors in the sector have today the required size.
In the framework of a plan for Housing ten billion euros brought by the Caisse des dépôts (CDC), the lessors who comply with this obligation grouping will be eligible for long-term loans augmented until 2020 to support the construction and rehabilitation.
The text facilitates the sales of social housing to the tune of 40,000 units per annum according to the government’s goal (against the 8,000 of last year).
It extends from five to ten years the period during which the social housing sold continue to be recorded among the allowances provided by the device on Solidarity and urban renewal (SRU), which requires municipalities to have at least 20% of these dwellings.
In Paris, where the city council has rejected this year the proposal of the elected representatives of the majority to proceed with sales of units of social HOUSING, the mayor Anne Hidalgo calls to “adapt certain provisions to the territories which are most stretched”.
“If one makes the sale of social housing should be a true policy of homeownership in the property. It is absent from the text,” said Jean-Christophe Lagarde, co-chair of the group of IDU, Act, and Independent.
TO FACILITATE THE TRANSFORMATION OF OFFICES INTO HOUSING
Article 9 of the bill provides for exemptions to the rules of local development plans (PLU) in order to encourage the transformation of vacant offices into housing.
FRAME PLATFORMS FOR TOURIST RENTAL
To limit the inflationary effect of the touristic locations of short duration, article 51 reinforces the civil penalties in respect of the rental (5,000 to 10,000 euros).
It also provides for fines ranging from 10.000 to 50.000 euros for the platforms that host advertisements illegal. The act prohibits, inter alia, to hire more than 120 days, his / her main residence for tourist purposes.
(Julie Carriat with Elizabeth Pineau, Johanna Decorse in Colomiers, edited by Yves Clarisse)